SOBELOFF, SIMON ERNEST


SOBELOFF, SIMON ERNEST
SOBELOFF, SIMON ERNEST (1894–1973), U.S. jurist. Sobeloff was city solicitor of Baltimore from 1943 to 1947. He became chief judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals in 1952. He was appointed solicitor-general by President Eisenhower in 1954. In this capacity he played a significant role in helping to formulate the government's stand in regard to the Brown v. Board of Education cases (1954). As a result, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that separate but equal facilities for blacks in public schools did not meet the constitutional requirement of equal protection by the law. Sobeloff broke with precedent by refusing, although solicitor-general, to sign the brief in a case before the Supreme Court in which the government attempted to support the blacklisting of a professor. The court later vindicated his position. In 1956 he became a judge of the fourth circuit U.S. Court of Appeals and its chief judge in 1958. A prominent figure in Jewish communal circles, Sobeloff was a national vice president of the American Jewish Congress and a member of many other Jewish philanthropic and educational organizations. (Morris D. Forkosch)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Simon Sobeloff — Simon Ernest Sobeloff (* 3. Dezember 1894 in Baltimore, Maryland; † 11. Juli 1973 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist, Richter und United States Solicitor General. Biografie Nach dem Schulbesuch am Baltimore City College studierte der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Bork — Judge of Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit In office February 9, 1982 – February 5, 1988 Nominated by Ronald Reagan …   Wikipedia

  • 1894 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 18. Jahrhundert | 19. Jahrhundert | 20. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1860er | 1870er | 1880er | 1890er | 1900er | 1910er | 1920er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1890 | 1891 | 1892 | 18 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.